廣州文史
                                          全文檢索:
                                          首頁 文史資訊 廣州文史 黨團史料 多媒體文史館 專題文史 文史爭鳴 區縣文史 工作學習園地 辛亥革命
                                          彩票12 mg4157.vip | 73055b.com | www.08588w.com | www.56733i.com | www.354177.com | www.626suncity.com | 1463v.com | www.21202v.com | www.7777ag4.com | 55545f.com | www.50999b.com | 3435c.com | www.753956.com | www.msc573.com | 80878l.com | www.81233z.com | www.625966.com | feicai0717.com | www.3983119.com | 08159p.com | www.495358.com | www.hjcp1.com | 563567.com | www.810709.com | www.577177b.com | 4647099.com | www.3890c.com | www.hg0198.com | 4310.com | www.80065g.com | www.u30226.com | 4123ss.com | www.8582ww.com | www.cp127w.com | j86811.com | www.ihg5555.com | www.88807x.com | 33kk8332.com | www.35918n.com | www.yongligao.hk | bc495.com | www.764499.com | www.686559.com | 1206766.com | www.377939.com | www.35700a.com | 3844n.com | 01234ii.com | www.77114s.com | www.10050751.com | 86226d.com | www.587639.com | www.46630.vip | 1775bb.com | 2381005.com | www.ribo80.cc | www.h7788e.com | 4066b.com | www.hd5658.com | www.55526w.com | 2127w.com | pj677l.com | www.hg09b.com | www.9949k.com | 1454445.com | www.330732.com | www.9822ad.com | www.hg098.com | 51529.com | www.11gpc.com | www.0661777.com | 2649gg.com | pu22pu22.com | www.909644.com | www.8865tt.com | 59599x.com | 61326622.com | www.576126.com | www.4196k.com | www.xpjdc.com | 3568f.com | www.77114v.com | www.0601f.com | www.46662.com | jbb71.cc | 66681w.com | www.9356o.com | www.c559cc.com | 500000990.com | 8722wwww.com | www.196309.com | www.6939y.com | www.hg7788.in | wx789.com | 49490524.com | www.8694e.com | 34z35.com | 983888i.com | www.7239m.com | www.1304567.com | 59889l.com | dd3189.com | www.621441.com | www.6547.com | www.wwww.6230z.com | zhcpmm.com | 3967w.com | www.348689.com | www.0601y.com | www.lfcp096.com | 7792l.com | 8030p.com | www.349577.com | www.vn888567.cc | www.1301122.com | 62620029.com | 5856oo.com | 4195599.com | www.663948.com | www.amjs3456.com | www.zuqiu988.com | www.67797o.com | 28288aa.com | 9339999s.com | 61327711.com | www.gczj2.com | www.68993238.com | www.7415cc.com | www.50054v.com | www.5854t.cc | www.31468.com | www.90msxfptd.com | www.8124d.com | 3024m.com | 13222x.com | www.50051u.com | www.7782f.com | www.159957.com | www.5504g.com | www.fedxb.com | 3225n.com | 50067h.com | 22662007.com | www.567610.com | www.66653x.com | www.63606e.com | www.24k888.vip | www.67797v.com | 2844x.com | 3421t.com | 32x1.com | 15856e.com | www.754880.com | www.77114x.com | www.4521v.com | www.939168.com | www.09569r.com | xpj29977.com | 28288ww.com | jsjlb9.com | 2060033.com | www.060899.com | www.909888.com | www.77801j.com | www.087b.com | www.3116e.com | www.5966kkk.com | www.y0001.cc | www.777444n.com | 33443885.com | 3301866.com | 555445.com | 38238v.com | 111122.com | 228888x.com | www.234397.com | www.9c9cai.com | www.73800.com | www.718msc.com | www.kkw915.com | 2381qqq.com | 5080.cc | 11zz145.com | dd3405.com | 80850o.com | 5446v.com | www.81678v.com | www.356477.com | www.810262.com | www.88ac.com | www.3126u.com | www.81678g.com | www.81608z.com | www.07679r.com | www.91779u.com | www.3157u.com | www.38361.com | www.qyle11.com | www.2206132.com | www.8517444.com | www.25288s.com | www.9679a.com | www.xin888111.com | www.9068uu.com | www.vn89969.com | www.aobo22.com | www.wn8090.com | 188qq22.com | cc2649.com | 7141gg.com | 2267k.com | 00665004.com | 9995144.com | 91019i.net | www.86611o.com | www.bojue68.com | www.hg938999jnh.com | youle307.com | www.xj9900.com | www.333177.com | www.32126l.net | www.yy883.com | www.4972ee.com | www.77cmsc.net | www.5604q.com | www.hg0450.com | www.amh008.com | www.766577.com | www.80834.com | www.751.cc | www.58118e.com | www.91779l.com | www.81508y.com | www.48330w.com | www.00665e.com | www.00840k.com | www.hh3890.com | www.786587.com | www.307683.com | 1669d.com | 11dd8331.com | 65560033.com | o58955.com | 2381dd.com | www.1111jsc.com | www.hg1966.com | www.ts66888.com | www.hg2182.com | www.8967n.com | www.4521o.com | www.415977.com | www.00665c.com | www.976927.com | www.338052.com | 83378v.com | 463q8.com | 779644.com | tz6.com | hggjtg9.com | www.135520d.com | www.003113.com | www.89599j.com | www.vip5028.com | www.50026h.com | www.616097.com | vncseojs.com | 4379s.com | 61321111.com | www.yd555888.com | www.282555c.com | www.9b800.com | www.81608s.com | www.50051h.com | www.629913.com | P35u.com | 4444211.com | 56787qq.com | www.hg7787.com | www.hg2182.com | www.516297.com | www.16878e.com | www.695093.com | 7945ww.com | n888vv.com | 9995b.cc | www.sb60001.com | www.hg8uu.com | www.80065l.com | www.356477.com | 4066d.com | t4212.com | 3616j.com | www.aa56108.com | www.2021u.com | www.41518s.com | www.250209.com | 80850e.com | 552325.com | www.ab142.com | www.50000977.com | www.37377g.com | www.821260.com | wfcp333222.com | 78808t.com | www.5555wns.com | www.cp55569.com | www.87480.com | www.596608.com | 25115.am | 7t3777.com | www.44116609.com | www.45598q.com | www.2373p.com | 3258c.com | 3535.cc | www.j32126.cc | www.cgcp.com | www.12455y.com | b9973.com | hg10f.com | www.xhtd0099.com | www.vns6603.com | www.8667m.com | 0931jiehun.com | 3685.com | www.y6007.com | www.07770.comm | www.670477.com | 33558448.com | 3467a.cc | www.305kk.com | www.12136r.com | www.656121.com | se679.com | www.68666s.com | www.56766.com | www.3479r.com | 3807pp.com | tyc71.com | www.bet445.com | www.7714l.com | w9622.com | 365102.com | www.744suncity.com | www.e63568.com | www.347177.com | 5219o.com | www.js6169.com | www.88qiji.com | www.178993.com | 566777h.com | www.ylzz7770.com | www.984703.com | www.55228i.com | so77777.cc | www.78188d.com | www.88266w.com | BY30836.com | jjs1111.com | www.sha0055.com | www.550414.com | 7599r.com | www.xpj5299.com | www.8d828.com | mgm.pe | 3169s.com | www.q32939.com | www.791651.com | 40033ttt.com | www.492049.com | www.8816g.com | 2222k8.com | www.10050011.com | www.33vn777.com | 54141100.com | www.358msc.com | www.115527s.com | www.103658.com | wx789.com | www.gcw686.com | www.627297.com | 2214bb.com | www.hjdc2004.vip | www.917787.com | 3640a.com | www.095889.com | www.fcyl7.com | 20053388.com | www.hg8254.com | www.c5907.com | 36400066.com | www.123588.com | www.901031.com | 01234rrr.com | www.304081.com | www.500710.com | 67877h.com | www.5220666.com | www.43131y.com | 2505am.com | www.2566y3.com | 6220tt.com | www.25673e.com | www.rfdc05.com | 95456.com | www.9hg0066.com | www.29czj.com | 3522hh.cc | www.c5c55.com | www.223705.com | 2455f.com | www.806sun.com | a4255.com | www.0860i.com | www.9818r.cc | 316t.cc | www.g32939.com | 8722.am | www.js30333.com | www.b773776.com | 2247tt.com | www.449msc.com | www.339967.com | 356.com | www.16065i.com | b2624.com | www.sun3678.com | www.196036.com | www.792587.com | LXYL350.com | www.773530.com | rr38648.cc | www.7692.com | www.257233.com | 389988.com | www.71233h.com | so44444.cc | www.00772j.com | www.r948r.com | yingbo114.com | www.yhuuu.com | www.8499m.com | hg123311.com | www.hg5029.com | 2222k27.com | www.0849j.com | 5001g.com | www.75367.com | www.609716.com | 59599y.com | www.69998.cc | 3016sss.com | www.5956868.com | 83138k.com | www.88mgm777.com | 1669a.com | www.61345.cc | 2013055.com | www.hg7211h.com | fhcp127.com | www.js9969.com | www.464499.com | www.9374o.com | www.hc3656.com | 272gg.net | www.34788y.com | 50067q.com | www.bet73s.com | ab0045.com | www.81608l.com | www.2418s.com | 54140088.com | www.44730.com | jj38648.cc | www.ihg5522.com | 3522kk.cc | www.81608d.com | 4590kk.com | www.222999qipai.com | 8448.com | www.1764m.com | 4590pp.com | www.7240n.com | 4060bb.com | www.4833033.com | 11005q.com | www.99677x.com | 4809m.com | www.36788c.com | 001dyj.com | www.7782c.com | 8742v.com | www.hx6622.com | www.182ks.com | www.621764.com | www.88807b.com | www.202803.com | www.17011.com | 496oo.com | www.223349.com | 61652u.com | www.4136w.com | tzvip2022.com | www.5446c.com | 672bet.com | www.77803r.com | 584575.com | www.709812.com | www.bd058.com | 0289t.com | www.345cp.vip | dz0777.com | www.xpj55123.com | p5555.com | www.656by.com | www.a78bet.com | www.023128.com | www.cqbdgg.com | 99009193.com | www.5446t.com | b75.com | www.xcn1.com | www.3412277.com | 44488a.com | www.dzj0666.com | 36405588.com | www.44458c.com | www.am22222.com | www.80767e.com | www.dzh1133.com | www.0622iii.com | blr86.com | www.891079.com | www.696111.com | cp36936.com | www.60886h.com | 70118d.com | www.782500.com | www.2998w.com | xpjgo7.com | www.87jsc.com | feicai0576.com | www.509265.com | www.549009.com | 7605l.com | www.91233n.com | www.32126v.net | 188qq.com | www.4996sz.com | 2jsuuu.com | www.715025.com | www.133504.com | 7720s.net | www.60007h.com | www.h7788q.com | 6220x.com | www.89386a.com | 2306n.com | www.106569.com | www.5146z9.com | 44222007.com | www.762918.com | www.2380e.com | s58955.com | www.6364z.com | www.cn0013.com | 66300vip41.com | www.95666w.com | www.21365ee.com | kk4255.com | www.36582222.com | www.3046k.com | t2894.com | www.954321d.com | www.hg8662.com | 2466.com | www.0270j.com | www.z30226.com | yh33883.com | www.51365.com | www.h7788y.com | 675bet.com | www.55558c.com | www.9b100.com | 2383cc.com | www.ycp4.com | www.a01885.com | 54140088.com | www.330692.com | www.bwinyz05.com | 44077j.com | 0747zz.com | www.hg0298.com | www.bet3650077.com | alpk33.com | www.43818z.com | www.hg55.com | 4581.com | www.275780.com | www.4521y.com | www.7788076.com | mf704.com | www.33588c.com | www.303800.com | 71707u.com | www.192880.com | www.161184.com | www.hg6969.org | szgj666.com | www.055cp.cc | www.79500c.com | feicai0791.com | 909182.com | www.80065c.com | www.495655.com | 61655.com | 33382tt.com | www.6939v.com | www.am5833.com | 992222u.com | www.196051.com | www.68365b.com | www.4853a.com | 66681e.com | www.299078.com | www.52062f.com | www.44ff940.com | 4165x.com | www.91233e.com | www.9989589.com | www.224605.com | 3522gg.com | 883399r.com | www.77803m.com | www.945suncity.com | 3379d.com | 1238.com | www.891079.com | www.115527u.com | www.655666e.com | 4036o.com | 876878.com | www.81678d.com | www.jjjj007.com | 2846e.com | 2324vvv.com | www.602475.com | www.166490.com | www.b444.com | 5589b.com | yh7788.bet | www.949498.com | www.30350z.com | www.pj6545.com | yhshandong.vip | 3568mm.com | www.987425.com | www.73990j.com | www.83008d.com | 7989g.com | 3640y.com | www.327536.com | www.aobo193.com | www.f9478.com | www.0011hg.com | ss4119.com | 518cp-1.com | www.ya190.com | www.60886q.com | www.bbo616.com | n1429.com | 7555l.com | 5757394.com | www.950606.com | www.pj9060.com | www.732156.com | www.hg444.tv | 7599l.com | l2306.com | www.398846.com | www.96386r.com | www.89599q.com | www.35553999.com | 88807k.com | 56787gg.com | 2222150.com | www.754918.com | www.66136000.com | www.9737ff.com | www.k66111.com | 7334x.com | 019666.com | dh742.com | www.112070.com | www.2934q.com | www.8577f.cc | www.hnhdkm.com | www.4938r.com | 3136rr.com | 7599dd.com | 7733vn77.com | www.055123.cc | www.sygj7.com | www.drf1.net | www.4996gy.com | www.www660882.com | www.4xinhao.com | 3122w.com | 3559.la | 1234567cai.com | 7335u.com | www.659789.com | www.33588c.com | www.1764m.com | www.c32939.com | www.hg2809.com | www.gd68.com | LXYL364.com | 55797a.com | js2.cc | 01885z.com | 3936w.com | www.609815.com | www.5095x.com | www.xmsy.com | www.99552zz.com | www.c46.com | www.37766.cc | www.js36644.com | www.111xpj22.com | 68963999.com | tt6830.com | 93922z.com | 98955e.com | am2982.com | bb888877.com | www.73166i.com | www.589703.com | www.zcwf3.com | www.50788j.com | www.hg810.com | www.883399c.com | www.89677f.com | www.ggm.99233m.com | www.jty649.com | www.358nn.com | www.365815b.com | www.9566948.com | 3405u.com | 7779t.cc | 2146j.com | 657094.com | nnn1915.com | 2021t.com | 138cpwz.com | 82365v.com | bc854.com | wns981.com | cp088r.com | 923910.com | 63305v.com | 0747zz.com | 61323388.com | zz180.com | www.81233o.com | www.196087.com | www.372411.com | www.455598.com | www.558402.com | www.585868.cc | www.607993.com | www.662517.com | www.708270.com | www.803241.com | www.758786.com | www.rcw456.com | www.891085.com | www.818646.com | www.808912.com | www.816142.com | www.689144.com | www.619939.com | www.589703.com | www.475711.com | www.339189.com | www.257188.com | www.037169.com | xpj70063.com | 28758o.com | 88552007.com | feicai0870.com | 7894j.com | 33318m.com | 9694d.com | 4018.com | 26668w.com | s47479.com | 272nn.net | www.546991.com | www.76543d.com | www.40033.1940033.com | www.xpj5011.com | www.942232.com | www.feng01.com | www.bwinyz44.com | www.sands2006.com | www.3398766.com | www.8582cc.com | www.50024r.com | www.rrle6.com | www.652918.com | www.126293.com | 50000988.com | 69446677.com | 0343h.com | ss00558.com | 883399e.com | www.bg999666.com | www.1389u.com | www.jb33333.com | www.8967q.com | www.669112.com | www.0194002.com | www.9356g.com | www.715613.com | www.81520v.com | 3122bb.com | 21289455.com | 7k7k.com | 9149c.com | www.4625k.com | www.822822.com | www.5099zz.com | www.32326.com | www.65707r.com | www.901173.com | www.96386i.com | 3552c.com | bet577f.com | 80850u.com | www.0686777.com | www.138555555.com | www.2945i.com | www.44118w.com | www.88266t.com | www.848066.com | 8520c.com | 80892pp.com | 8790o.com | 4812z.com | www.zb966.com | www.101045.com | www.55074.com | www.1368h.cc | www.160882.com | 88851q.com | 35222d.com | 3936b.com | www.44889u.com | www.jz95533.com | www.392518.com | www.tlcp7.com | 59964yy.com | 8381mm.com | 159666k.com | www.yh8213.com | www.08bwin.com | www.07679d.com | www.5623c.com | www.233434.com | 9484D.com | hg7033.com | www.365109e.com | www.1389ee.com | www.b94600.com | www.w593.com | 83378y.com | 93936f.com | ms38648kk.cc | www.59909.com | www.32638.com | www.7qxc.com | 3121t.com | mc1888.com | www.wn2058.com | www.wxc0234.com | www.55717q.com | www.739233.com | 5429k.com | 8078522.com | www.799msc.com | www.04567f.com | www.34788p.com | 59964yy.com | jidu22.com | www.339688n.com | www.789msc.com | www.hd8671.com | www.507670.com | xhtd1634.com | 2709u.com | www.27119.com | www.xpj8558.com | www.847677.com | 8522kkkk.com | 2190q.com | www.2233kk.net | www.c93919.com | www.775740.com | 7893w07.com | 2509.com | www.988306b.com | www.81608w.com | www.375963.com | 22883g.com | www.a2a999.cc | www.fh7.com | www.07163l.com | rtdqg.cn | 1806766.com | www.071095.com | www.4520011.com | www.320477.com | ff7742.com | www.206365.com | www.7225s.com | www.983112.com | 22883y.com | 2924444.com | www.4972r.com | www.068wy.com | 44995156.com | e3144.com | www.79500v.com | www.5091w.com | js88830.com | xpj2229.cc | www.5504z.com | www.5522s.cc | 8381ss.com | 88445002.com | www.88166i.com | www.cf9905.com | 79889a.com | www.wns8858.com | www.35700bb.com | www.684335.com | www.90989.com | www.35918f.com | 567zcp.com | lch8898.com | www.bet91481.com | www.815266.com | mf708.com | www.3643n.com | www.pj9020.com | 55155b.com | yhxjaomen.vip | www.msc128.com | www.055g.cc | 5856mm.com | www.lfg777.com | www.7737cc.com | 89892qq.com | h2894.com | www.feng68.com | www.904867.com | 3822d.com | www.7545q.com | www.99677l.com | 390033k.com | www.hg7748.com | www.749758.com | 22966.com | 922790.com | www.x69096.com | www.dcw566.com | 3559d.com | www.899111.com | www.dao90.com | 3304f.com | www.92msc.com | www.29277b.com | 85698c.com | www.00037b.com | www.yd7017.com | ttt444000.com | www.8694f.com | www.4923k.com | 6688xpj.com | www.9068rr.com | www.yh08.com | 00774nn.com | www.77537i.com | www.15355e.com | qy228.vip | www.y440044.com | www.60108h.com | 01885q.com | www.24671.net | www.2373h.com | 5488s.com | www.hg6733.com | www.885345.com | 62222s.com | www.54968.com | www.320660.com | 2820s.com | www.8.ag | 33432f.com | www.pu2678.com | www.68993271.com | 077ll.com | www.58505.com | www.72gcw.com | 5414.com | www.9925546.com | www.142525.cc | 3822b.com | www.yh6688.bet | 08575.com | www.226833.com | www.lczg3.com | 8159jjj.cc | www.5099cc.com | c388v.com | www.jh879.com | www.417714.com | 1813dd.com | www.fhcp2288.com | www.327836.com | 2019tt.cc | www.392518.com | 4809s.com | www.76188.com | www.290727.com | 66458r.com | www.6939j.com | 4997y.com | www.hf6699.com | www.068659.com | www.88517888.cc | www.bet73y.com | 5360cc.com | www.4963dd.com | 817458.com | www.4938k.com | www.cha64.com | yhxjaomen.vip | www.5599msc.com | 51439522.com | www.17035.com | www.038059.com | www.3846a.me | www.5441m.com | ddcp88.com | www.07679z.com | 90307e.com | www.k3374.com | 35ff.vip | www.995t.net | www.975961.com | 52239.com | www.120638.com | 8015s.com | www.55060j.com | 50000966.com | www.363123.com | www.178225.com | www.6491e.com | www.022o.cc | 893620.com | www.820808.com | 8159nnn.cc | www.5719.com | 85698g.com | www.sb5501.com | 2643g.com | www.998855r.com | a2aaa.com |
                                          ·讓“參與式更新”激活老城街巷
                                          ·500年古祠“修舊如故”
                                          ·民間珍藏 大眾共賞
                                          ·“打卡”博物館 文物“抖”起來
                                          ·13500年前人骨化石“驗明真身”
                                          ·故宮的文創生意經 能否復制?
                                          ·文化保護要讓人愛上這里的生活
                                          ·廣府壁畫:該引起我們珍視的南瑰寶
                                          ·文化做針線 繡出嶺南美
                                          ·歷史文化街區保護 既要留屋也要留人
                                          ·舊時商賈云集 大屋各有來頭
                                          ·讀懂歐洲古建筑的前生今世
                                          ·《廣州大典》:留存城市文脈的“根”和“魂”
                                          ·用地名這把鑰匙打開廣州的城市記憶
                                          ·工業遺產蝶變記
                                          更多>> 
                                          文史建言
                                          古建筑保護與“重建”,求索進行時
                                          中國古建保護能從巴黎圣母院火災中得到怎樣的警示?

                                            “時間和人使這些卓絕的藝術遭受了什么樣的摧殘,關于這一切,關于古老的高盧歷史,關于整個哥特式藝術,現在還有什么存留給我們?”雨果在《巴黎圣母院》中這句充滿哀慟的發問,從19世紀一直回響到了今天。4月15日黃昏,巴黎圣母院在熊熊烈火中,塔尖轟然倒下,法國民眾在塞納河岸駐足觀望,目睹這悲傷的一幕,他們或站或跪,有的人表情凝重,有的人吟唱祈禱。

                                          福斯特建筑事務所提出用玻璃和鋼鐵設計一個替代方塔的方案。

                                          來自泰晤士報的概念渲染圖

                                          法國設計師Mathieu Lehanneur的設計捕捉大火一刻,將災難化為美麗。

                                          意大利建筑師MassAimiliano和Doriana Fuksas的設計包含水晶制成的現代屋頂和尖頂。

                                          俄羅斯建筑師Alexader Nerovnya的設計將全玻璃屋頂與更傳統的尖頂結構相結合。

                                          AJ6工作室設計了主要由彩繪玻璃制成的屋頂及塔尖,讓其成為巴黎新的夜景標志。

                                          斯洛伐克的建筑師Vizumatelier的輕質塔頂加光束設計。

                                          塞浦路斯Kiss The Architect工作室建議混合拱門和球體的造型重建尖頂。

                                          安德魯·塔隆教授團隊制作的巴黎圣母院超高清結構數據。

                                            巴黎圣母院,這座聯合國世界文化遺產,哥特式教堂的代表作,因為雨果著作,建筑與時空文脈的聯系深深植入每一個讀者的記憶里,早已是全世界人心目中無法替代的文化象征。如今火災已經過去半個多月,隨著法國總統馬克龍表示將在五年內完成巴黎圣母院的重建工作,向全世界建筑師開放方案競賽,古建筑重建的話題再次回到公眾視野中。在遺憾和期盼中,世人也不禁反問,巴黎圣母院未來將何去何從?它將走上一條怎樣的重建道路?南都記者朱蓉婷

                                            數字化資料助力重建

                                            在痛心的同時,值得慶幸的是,科技的力量正在“重塑”因災難消失的建筑。就在幾個月前,遠在南半球的巴西國家博物館在大火中,近九成藏品毀于一旦,隨后,巴西國博就和中國騰訊達成合作,建立巴西國博線上數字博物館,以及根據數字資料重新制作文物的復制品等工作。

                                            同樣,數字化資料也將在未來重建巴黎圣母院中發揮重要作用。2015年,由安德魯·塔隆教授(A ndrew T allon,1969- 2018)和他的團隊使用安裝在三腳架上的Leica ScanStationC10激光器,記錄了巴黎圣母院超過10億點的結構數據,他留下的高分辨率數據將大大縮短重建時間,是復原塔尖的關鍵依據。

                                            大火中倒塌的塔尖,被視為巴黎圣母院的點睛之筆,是教徒們心目中離上帝最近的地方。但是,始建于1163年的巴黎圣母院最初并沒有高聳的塔尖,后來法國建筑師維奧萊·勒·杜克領導的修復工程才新添加了塔尖,用了近500噸橡木和250噸鉛做成,大部分來自一棵12世紀的橡樹。此次法國政府打算翻新屋頂,其中最關鍵的工程就是重建這座塔尖。

                                            建筑修繕的不同視角

                                            盡管如此,法國保守派人士仍然為可能出現的創新風格而爭論不休,右翼政客喬丹·巴德拉說:“讓我們停止這種瘋狂的行為,我們需要完全尊重法國的傳統。”“現代的藝術讓我懷念過去的藝術”。另外,對階層矛盾敏感的黃背心運動的游行者,則提出:“窮人比圣母院更需要錢”。

                                            在過去,傳統建筑增添現代風格引發爭議也并非第一次,盧浮宮門前的玻璃金字塔也許是最著名的例子。而在首都巴黎以南400多公里的里昂市,由法國建筑師讓·努韋勒設計的里昂歌劇院,以古典主義和現代主義結合的建筑風格,在今天已成為里昂市的文化地標。歌劇院始建于文藝復興時期,經過多次的改建整修,頂部的玻璃半球屋頂則在1993年建成,像這樣的創造性重建總是存在爭議。

                                            每當此時,人們就會想起那個著名的“忒修斯之船”的悖論———如果船上的木頭被一條條逐漸替換,直到所有的木頭都不是原來的木頭,那這艘船還是原來的那艘船嗎?假如用玻璃和鋼鐵,取代12世紀的橡樹木材去建造新的塔尖,圣

                                            母院還會是原來的圣母院嗎?

                                            討論的分歧在于我們對文物核心價值的判定。建筑史上,與之相關的爭論從未停止,以維奧萊·勒·杜克為代表的法國派,支持風格化修復,不必刻板遵循原貌;與之相對,約翰·拉斯金為代表的英國派,則提出了最小介入概念,甚至反對修復,認為盡量延長古建筑的壽命才是最好的保護。他們都對后世的修繕理念產生了深遠的影響。

                                            在中國,文物修繕理念也受《威尼斯憲章》(又名《保護和恢復古跡和遺址國際憲章》)的影響,其中的“最小干預、保存文物建筑原有部分”等內容,在很長一段時間內被認為是文物保護的基本原則。

                                            “但是,關鍵是找不到原材料,很多材料真的就是用一次少一次。”古建筑民間學者譚利勝畢業于中山大學,他六年來為尋訪古建筑走南闖北,四處旅行,走遍國內十幾個省份的文保單位,也近距離接觸過不少復建案例,一次敦煌之旅開啟了他更深的研究和思考。

                                            在他看來,敦煌莫高窟是世界文物保護的典范,不僅是因為這里集合了文保所需要解決的問題類型,更在數字化等理念探索上走在世界前沿。比如,敦煌的加固工程在設計思路上,采用的是“可逆性加固”,即在不動原材料的情況下,減少外部影響,加固墻即使拆了,原材料也完全不被改變。而中國木構古建界的第一大國寶,南禪寺,就是被“不可逆地”破壞性修復過了。在那個文物修復理念落后的年代里,不少文物建筑都逃避不了被“破壞性修復”的命運。

                                            而另一方面,2015年6月,歷時8年的全國石質文物保護一號工程———大足石刻千手觀音造像搶救性保護工程竣工,這是個在技術上非常成功的復建工程,在古建圈和文保界卻飽受爭議。這讓他開始思考,文物修繕中“原真性”的困擾。

                                            “今天我們以現代科學技術,探知古代建筑的色彩組成和原料,實際上沒有任何問題。但是,有沒有可能把文物回歸到原來的色彩呢?顯而易見,不可能。即使現在科學技術手段再先進,文物終究不會是真正歷史上的那件東西。”

                                            因此,在一些人看來重建是另一種保護,否則,歷經數百年風雨飄搖,這些古建筑終將荒廢、破敗,例如日本,古建每隔20年就要全拆重建一次。與之相反,不修不建也是一種方式,圓明園、古羅馬廢墟都以建筑殘狀存留。可見,不同的文物建筑承載著不同的核心價值,也就誕生了關于文物建筑修繕的不同視角,難以用一個模式簡單套用。

                                            “不管是何種方式,都很難說好還是

                                            不好,蘊含了人類歷史記憶的東西,人類還是愿意讓它一直存在下去的,不論這種存在是以重建的方式,或者修復的方式。”譚利勝對記者說,“目前我們這方面的觀點還不可能完全放開。像日本那樣20年推倒重建一次,我們中國也有技術做到,但在很多人的觀念里,不可能同意。以佛光寺來說,不是我們不作為,也不是我們沒這個能力去修,而是我們實在是太想讓它多一天,保留它作為唐代建筑應有的姿態,和它活在這世間的最后一絲尊嚴,哪怕這種維持是生命越來越衰弱為代價的。”

                                            今天,擺在巴黎圣母院面前的同樣是這三種可能,一是不修,保留殘缺部分;二是恢復原貌,即修復;三是創新性修復,甚至重建。選擇何種方案,對于建筑系、藝術系、普通人來說,答案可能不盡相同。

                                            浴火之后,方能新生。更何況,在巴黎圣母院近900年的修修補補之中,她早已不是最初的樣貌。在三島由紀夫的小說虛構中,溝口毀滅了堅固的金閣寺,使金閣虛幻的美得以永存。這一把火,既是毀滅之火,也是再生之火。小說實現了物的毀滅與美的留存,而在現實中,人類的任何努力都不能改變,物質存在有壽終而盡的一天。

                                            今天,法國將對圣母院的修復采用什么態度和方案,未來的巴黎圣母院何去何從,不僅對建筑師、文化學者來說是一個考驗,更重要的是,它涉及到今天我們如何面對歷史。“最偉大的建筑大多是社會的產物而不是個人的產物,它們是一種巖層,每個時代的浪潮都給它們增添沖積土,每一代人都在這座紀念性建筑上鋪上他們自己的一層土。”雨果在他的小說里已經為我們作出解答。

                                            訪談

                                            呂舟:“重建”要慎提

                                            南都:你如何看待創造性重建?

                                            呂舟:首先,重建這個詞要謹慎使用,如果重建以后這個建筑完全沒有老的構件,這個對象和以前那個已經沒有物質上的聯系,這種情況已經沒有文物價值了,只是一個仿造品,但是,我們保留下原材料的文物修復是有文物價值的,比如說,一個火災燒壞后,還剩下老的構件和材料,那么在這個基礎上我們把這些老構件,老材料保存下來,通過技術手段恢復到火災前的面貌,這個和重建完全是兩個事情。我們一定要把幾個概念講明白,不然談不清楚。

                                            南都:3D掃描等技術運用,將在此次巴黎圣母院重建中起到重要作用,國內的文物建筑這方面的數字化程度如何?

                                            呂舟:我們國內在這方面運用得很充分,大部分重要建筑都做了不止一次這樣的工作,我們有很豐富的數據,但是問題也存在,比如說,是不是可以有一個國家的統一的數據平臺,能夠讓所有的數字技術成果有一個開放的,兼容性很好的數據,目前來看是沒有的,基本還是四散在不同的單位和機構當中,沒有形成一個很好的平臺。

                                            其他的難點還包括比如工藝技術不理想,修繕理念不同,對保護對象的不同理解,最大的問題也許是只看到文物價值的一方面,追求片面的東西。

                                            南都:近年來,文保的最新趨勢是什么?未來會朝什么樣的方向發展?

                                            呂舟:現在這兩年整個社會對文保的關注度不斷地在提高,保護工作也不光是原來的專業機構在做,社會各個層面,普通民眾大家都在關心,從國家高層的角度這些年一直在強調對文化的傳承和保護,讓遺產能夠活起來,社會關注度提高了,那么怎樣把社會的力量更好地用在保護當中,真正讓這一些相對來說比較冷門,沒有那么高關注度的文保對象,也得到保護,可能是我們未來一段時期要考慮的。可能這些建筑,在一個特定鄉村環境中,構成了一個很重要的組成部分,或是一個地方文化的象征,如何讓這些建筑真正地在未來的城鄉建設發展過程當中,幫助我們改變現在大家都在批評的城市趨同化、地方文化逐漸淡化的問題,值得我們去思考。通過文化遺產保護,我們希望解決的問題是保留一種有地方特色、文化多樣性和中國文化特征的文化傳承發展。

                                            (呂舟,清華大學國家遺產中心主任及建筑學院教授、中國古跡遺址保護協會副主席)

                                          版權所有:中國人民政治協商會議廣州市委員會
                                          mg4157.vip | 73055b.com | www.08588w.com | www.56733i.com | www.354177.com | www.626suncity.com | 1463v.com | www.21202v.com | www.7777ag4.com | 55545f.com | www.50999b.com | 3435c.com | www.753956.com | www.msc573.com | 80878l.com | www.81233z.com | www.625966.com | feicai0717.com | www.3983119.com | 08159p.com | www.495358.com | www.hjcp1.com | 563567.com | www.810709.com | www.577177b.com | 4647099.com | www.3890c.com | www.hg0198.com | 4310.com | www.80065g.com | www.u30226.com | 4123ss.com | www.8582ww.com | www.cp127w.com | j86811.com | www.ihg5555.com | www.88807x.com | 33kk8332.com | www.35918n.com | www.yongligao.hk | bc495.com | www.764499.com | www.686559.com | 1206766.com | www.377939.com | www.35700a.com | 3844n.com | 01234ii.com | www.77114s.com | www.10050751.com | 86226d.com | www.587639.com | www.46630.vip | 1775bb.com | 2381005.com | www.ribo80.cc | www.h7788e.com | 4066b.com | www.hd5658.com | www.55526w.com | 2127w.com | pj677l.com | www.hg09b.com | www.9949k.com | 1454445.com | www.330732.com | www.9822ad.com | www.hg098.com | 51529.com | www.11gpc.com | www.0661777.com | 2649gg.com | pu22pu22.com | www.909644.com | www.8865tt.com | 59599x.com | 61326622.com | www.576126.com | www.4196k.com | www.xpjdc.com | 3568f.com | www.77114v.com | www.0601f.com | www.46662.com | jbb71.cc | 66681w.com | www.9356o.com | www.c559cc.com | 500000990.com | 8722wwww.com | www.196309.com | www.6939y.com | www.hg7788.in | wx789.com | 49490524.com | www.8694e.com | 34z35.com | 983888i.com | www.7239m.com | www.1304567.com | 59889l.com | dd3189.com | www.621441.com | www.6547.com | www.wwww.6230z.com | zhcpmm.com | 3967w.com | www.348689.com | www.0601y.com | www.lfcp096.com | 7792l.com | 8030p.com | www.349577.com | www.vn888567.cc | www.1301122.com | 62620029.com | 5856oo.com | 4195599.com | www.663948.com | www.amjs3456.com | www.zuqiu988.com | www.67797o.com | 28288aa.com | 9339999s.com | 61327711.com | www.gczj2.com | www.68993238.com | www.7415cc.com | www.50054v.com | www.5854t.cc | www.31468.com | www.90msxfptd.com | www.8124d.com | 3024m.com | 13222x.com | www.50051u.com | www.7782f.com | www.159957.com | www.5504g.com | www.fedxb.com | 3225n.com | 50067h.com | 22662007.com | www.567610.com | www.66653x.com | www.63606e.com | www.24k888.vip | www.67797v.com | 2844x.com | 3421t.com | 32x1.com | 15856e.com | www.754880.com | www.77114x.com | www.4521v.com | www.939168.com | www.09569r.com | xpj29977.com | 28288ww.com | jsjlb9.com | 2060033.com | www.060899.com | www.909888.com | www.77801j.com | www.087b.com | www.3116e.com | www.5966kkk.com | www.y0001.cc | www.777444n.com | 33443885.com | 3301866.com | 555445.com | 38238v.com | 111122.com | 228888x.com | www.234397.com | www.9c9cai.com | www.73800.com | www.718msc.com | www.kkw915.com | 2381qqq.com | 5080.cc | 11zz145.com | dd3405.com | 80850o.com | 5446v.com | www.81678v.com | www.356477.com | www.810262.com | www.88ac.com | www.3126u.com | www.81678g.com | www.81608z.com | www.07679r.com | www.91779u.com | www.3157u.com | www.38361.com | www.qyle11.com | www.2206132.com | www.8517444.com | www.25288s.com | www.9679a.com | www.xin888111.com | www.9068uu.com | www.vn89969.com | www.aobo22.com | www.wn8090.com | 188qq22.com | cc2649.com | 7141gg.com | 2267k.com | 00665004.com | 9995144.com | 91019i.net | www.86611o.com | www.bojue68.com | www.hg938999jnh.com | youle307.com | www.xj9900.com | www.333177.com | www.32126l.net | www.yy883.com | www.4972ee.com | www.77cmsc.net | www.5604q.com | www.hg0450.com | www.amh008.com | www.766577.com | www.80834.com | www.751.cc | www.58118e.com | www.91779l.com | www.81508y.com | www.48330w.com | www.00665e.com | www.00840k.com | www.hh3890.com | www.786587.com | www.307683.com | 1669d.com | 11dd8331.com | 65560033.com | o58955.com | 2381dd.com | www.1111jsc.com | www.hg1966.com | www.ts66888.com | www.hg2182.com | www.8967n.com | www.4521o.com | www.415977.com | www.00665c.com | www.976927.com | www.338052.com | 83378v.com | 463q8.com | 779644.com | tz6.com | hggjtg9.com | www.135520d.com | www.003113.com | www.89599j.com | www.vip5028.com | www.50026h.com | www.616097.com | vncseojs.com | 4379s.com | 61321111.com | www.yd555888.com | www.282555c.com | www.9b800.com | www.81608s.com | www.50051h.com | www.629913.com | P35u.com | 4444211.com | 56787qq.com | www.hg7787.com | www.hg2182.com | www.516297.com | www.16878e.com | www.695093.com | 7945ww.com | n888vv.com | 9995b.cc | www.sb60001.com | www.hg8uu.com | www.80065l.com | www.356477.com | 4066d.com | t4212.com | 3616j.com | www.aa56108.com | www.2021u.com | www.41518s.com | www.250209.com | 80850e.com | 552325.com | www.ab142.com | www.50000977.com | www.37377g.com | www.821260.com | wfcp333222.com | 78808t.com | www.5555wns.com | www.cp55569.com | www.87480.com | www.596608.com | 25115.am | 7t3777.com | www.44116609.com | www.45598q.com | www.2373p.com | 3258c.com | 3535.cc | www.j32126.cc | www.cgcp.com | www.12455y.com | b9973.com | hg10f.com | www.xhtd0099.com | www.vns6603.com | www.8667m.com | 0931jiehun.com | 3685.com | www.y6007.com | www.07770.comm | www.670477.com | 33558448.com | 3467a.cc | www.305kk.com | www.12136r.com | www.656121.com | se679.com | www.68666s.com | www.56766.com | www.3479r.com | 3807pp.com | tyc71.com | www.bet445.com | www.7714l.com | w9622.com | 365102.com | www.744suncity.com | www.e63568.com | www.347177.com | 5219o.com | www.js6169.com | www.88qiji.com | www.178993.com | 566777h.com | www.ylzz7770.com | www.984703.com | www.55228i.com | so77777.cc | www.78188d.com | www.88266w.com | BY30836.com | jjs1111.com | www.sha0055.com | www.550414.com | 7599r.com | www.xpj5299.com | www.8d828.com | mgm.pe | 3169s.com | www.q32939.com | www.791651.com | 40033ttt.com | www.492049.com | www.8816g.com | 2222k8.com | www.10050011.com | www.33vn777.com | 54141100.com | www.358msc.com | www.115527s.com | www.103658.com | wx789.com | www.gcw686.com | www.627297.com | 2214bb.com | www.hjdc2004.vip | www.917787.com | 3640a.com | www.095889.com | www.fcyl7.com | 20053388.com | www.hg8254.com | www.c5907.com | 36400066.com | www.123588.com | www.901031.com | 01234rrr.com | www.304081.com | www.500710.com | 67877h.com | www.5220666.com | www.43131y.com | 2505am.com | www.2566y3.com | 6220tt.com | www.25673e.com | www.rfdc05.com | 95456.com | www.9hg0066.com | www.29czj.com | 3522hh.cc | www.c5c55.com | www.223705.com | 2455f.com | www.806sun.com | a4255.com | www.0860i.com | www.9818r.cc | 316t.cc | www.g32939.com | 8722.am | www.js30333.com | www.b773776.com | 2247tt.com | www.449msc.com | www.339967.com | 356.com | www.16065i.com | b2624.com | www.sun3678.com | www.196036.com | www.792587.com | LXYL350.com | www.773530.com | rr38648.cc | www.7692.com | www.257233.com | 389988.com | www.71233h.com | so44444.cc | www.00772j.com | www.r948r.com | yingbo114.com | www.yhuuu.com | www.8499m.com | hg123311.com | www.hg5029.com | 2222k27.com | www.0849j.com | 5001g.com | www.75367.com | www.609716.com | 59599y.com | www.69998.cc | 3016sss.com | www.5956868.com | 83138k.com | www.88mgm777.com | 1669a.com | www.61345.cc | 2013055.com | www.hg7211h.com | fhcp127.com | www.js9969.com | www.464499.com | www.9374o.com | www.hc3656.com | 272gg.net | www.34788y.com | 50067q.com | www.bet73s.com | ab0045.com | www.81608l.com | www.2418s.com | 54140088.com | www.44730.com | jj38648.cc | www.ihg5522.com | 3522kk.cc | www.81608d.com | 4590kk.com | www.222999qipai.com | 8448.com | www.1764m.com | 4590pp.com | www.7240n.com | 4060bb.com | www.4833033.com | 11005q.com | www.99677x.com | 4809m.com | www.36788c.com | 001dyj.com | www.7782c.com | 8742v.com | www.hx6622.com | www.182ks.com | www.621764.com | www.88807b.com | www.202803.com | www.17011.com | 496oo.com | www.223349.com | 61652u.com | www.4136w.com | tzvip2022.com | www.5446c.com | 672bet.com | www.77803r.com | 584575.com | www.709812.com | www.bd058.com | 0289t.com | www.345cp.vip | dz0777.com | www.xpj55123.com | p5555.com | www.656by.com | www.a78bet.com | www.023128.com | www.cqbdgg.com | 99009193.com | www.5446t.com | b75.com | www.xcn1.com | www.3412277.com | 44488a.com | www.dzj0666.com | 36405588.com | www.44458c.com | www.am22222.com | www.80767e.com | www.dzh1133.com | www.0622iii.com | blr86.com | www.891079.com | www.696111.com | cp36936.com | www.60886h.com | 70118d.com | www.782500.com | www.2998w.com | xpjgo7.com | www.87jsc.com | feicai0576.com | www.509265.com | www.549009.com | 7605l.com | www.91233n.com | www.32126v.net | 188qq.com | www.4996sz.com | 2jsuuu.com | www.715025.com | www.133504.com | 7720s.net | www.60007h.com | www.h7788q.com | 6220x.com | www.89386a.com | 2306n.com | www.106569.com | www.5146z9.com | 44222007.com | www.762918.com | www.2380e.com | s58955.com | www.6364z.com | www.cn0013.com | 66300vip41.com | www.95666w.com | www.21365ee.com | kk4255.com | www.36582222.com | www.3046k.com | t2894.com | www.954321d.com | www.hg8662.com | 2466.com | www.0270j.com | www.z30226.com | yh33883.com | www.51365.com | www.h7788y.com | 675bet.com | www.55558c.com | www.9b100.com | 2383cc.com | www.ycp4.com | www.a01885.com | 54140088.com | www.330692.com | www.bwinyz05.com | 44077j.com | 0747zz.com | www.hg0298.com | www.bet3650077.com | alpk33.com | www.43818z.com | www.hg55.com | 4581.com | www.275780.com | www.4521y.com | www.7788076.com | mf704.com | www.33588c.com | www.303800.com | 71707u.com | www.192880.com | www.161184.com | www.hg6969.org | szgj666.com | www.055cp.cc | www.79500c.com | feicai0791.com | 909182.com | www.80065c.com | www.495655.com | 61655.com | 33382tt.com | www.6939v.com | www.am5833.com | 992222u.com | www.196051.com | www.68365b.com | www.4853a.com | 66681e.com | www.299078.com | www.52062f.com | www.44ff940.com | 4165x.com | www.91233e.com | www.9989589.com | www.224605.com | 3522gg.com | 883399r.com | www.77803m.com | www.945suncity.com | 3379d.com | 1238.com | www.891079.com | www.115527u.com | www.655666e.com | 4036o.com | 876878.com | www.81678d.com | www.jjjj007.com | 2846e.com | 2324vvv.com | www.602475.com | www.166490.com | www.b444.com | 5589b.com | yh7788.bet | www.949498.com | www.30350z.com | www.pj6545.com | yhshandong.vip | 3568mm.com | www.987425.com | www.73990j.com | www.83008d.com | 7989g.com | 3640y.com | www.327536.com | www.aobo193.com | www.f9478.com | www.0011hg.com | ss4119.com | 518cp-1.com | www.ya190.com | www.60886q.com | www.bbo616.com | n1429.com | 7555l.com | 5757394.com | www.950606.com | www.pj9060.com | www.732156.com | www.hg444.tv | 7599l.com | l2306.com | www.398846.com | www.96386r.com | www.89599q.com | www.35553999.com | 88807k.com | 56787gg.com | 2222150.com | www.754918.com | www.66136000.com | www.9737ff.com | www.k66111.com | 7334x.com | 019666.com | dh742.com | www.112070.com | www.2934q.com | www.8577f.cc | www.hnhdkm.com | www.4938r.com | 3136rr.com | 7599dd.com | 7733vn77.com | www.055123.cc | www.sygj7.com | www.drf1.net | www.4996gy.com | www.www660882.com | www.4xinhao.com | 3122w.com | 3559.la | 1234567cai.com | 7335u.com | www.659789.com | www.33588c.com | www.1764m.com | www.c32939.com | www.hg2809.com | www.gd68.com | LXYL364.com | 55797a.com | js2.cc | 01885z.com | 3936w.com | www.609815.com | www.5095x.com | www.xmsy.com | www.99552zz.com | www.c46.com | www.37766.cc | www.js36644.com | www.111xpj22.com | 68963999.com | tt6830.com | 93922z.com | 98955e.com | am2982.com | bb888877.com | www.73166i.com | www.589703.com | www.zcwf3.com | www.50788j.com | www.hg810.com | www.883399c.com | www.89677f.com | www.ggm.99233m.com | www.jty649.com | www.358nn.com | www.365815b.com | www.9566948.com | 3405u.com | 7779t.cc | 2146j.com | 657094.com | nnn1915.com | 2021t.com | 138cpwz.com | 82365v.com | bc854.com | wns981.com | cp088r.com | 923910.com | 63305v.com | 0747zz.com | 61323388.com | zz180.com | www.81233o.com | www.196087.com | www.372411.com | www.455598.com | www.558402.com | www.585868.cc | www.607993.com | www.662517.com | www.708270.com | www.803241.com | www.758786.com | www.rcw456.com | www.891085.com | www.818646.com | www.808912.com | www.816142.com | www.689144.com | www.619939.com | www.589703.com | www.475711.com | www.339189.com | www.257188.com | www.037169.com | xpj70063.com | 28758o.com | 88552007.com | feicai0870.com | 7894j.com | 33318m.com | 9694d.com | 4018.com | 26668w.com | s47479.com | 272nn.net | www.546991.com | www.76543d.com | www.40033.1940033.com | www.xpj5011.com | www.942232.com | www.feng01.com | www.bwinyz44.com | www.sands2006.com | www.3398766.com | www.8582cc.com | www.50024r.com | www.rrle6.com | www.652918.com | www.126293.com | 50000988.com | 69446677.com | 0343h.com | ss00558.com | 883399e.com | www.bg999666.com | www.1389u.com | www.jb33333.com | www.8967q.com | www.669112.com | www.0194002.com | www.9356g.com | www.715613.com | www.81520v.com | 3122bb.com | 21289455.com | 7k7k.com | 9149c.com | www.4625k.com | www.822822.com | www.5099zz.com | www.32326.com | www.65707r.com | www.901173.com | www.96386i.com | 3552c.com | bet577f.com | 80850u.com | www.0686777.com | www.138555555.com | www.2945i.com | www.44118w.com | www.88266t.com | www.848066.com | 8520c.com | 80892pp.com | 8790o.com | 4812z.com | www.zb966.com | www.101045.com | www.55074.com | www.1368h.cc | www.160882.com | 88851q.com | 35222d.com | 3936b.com | www.44889u.com | www.jz95533.com | www.392518.com | www.tlcp7.com | 59964yy.com | 8381mm.com | 159666k.com | www.yh8213.com | www.08bwin.com | www.07679d.com | www.5623c.com | www.233434.com | 9484D.com | hg7033.com | www.365109e.com | www.1389ee.com | www.b94600.com | www.w593.com | 83378y.com | 93936f.com | ms38648kk.cc | www.59909.com | www.32638.com | www.7qxc.com | 3121t.com | mc1888.com | www.wn2058.com | www.wxc0234.com | www.55717q.com | www.739233.com | 5429k.com | 8078522.com | www.799msc.com | www.04567f.com | www.34788p.com | 59964yy.com | jidu22.com | www.339688n.com | www.789msc.com | www.hd8671.com | www.507670.com | xhtd1634.com | 2709u.com | www.27119.com | www.xpj8558.com | www.847677.com | 8522kkkk.com | 2190q.com | www.2233kk.net | www.c93919.com | www.775740.com | 7893w07.com | 2509.com | www.988306b.com | www.81608w.com | www.375963.com | 22883g.com | www.a2a999.cc | www.fh7.com | www.07163l.com | rtdqg.cn | 1806766.com | www.071095.com | www.4520011.com | www.320477.com | ff7742.com | www.206365.com | www.7225s.com | www.983112.com | 22883y.com | 2924444.com | www.4972r.com | www.068wy.com | 44995156.com | e3144.com | www.79500v.com | www.5091w.com | js88830.com | xpj2229.cc | www.5504z.com | www.5522s.cc | 8381ss.com | 88445002.com | www.88166i.com | www.cf9905.com | 79889a.com | www.wns8858.com | www.35700bb.com | www.684335.com | www.90989.com | www.35918f.com | 567zcp.com | lch8898.com | www.bet91481.com | www.815266.com | mf708.com | www.3643n.com | www.pj9020.com | 55155b.com | yhxjaomen.vip | www.msc128.com | www.055g.cc | 5856mm.com | www.lfg777.com | www.7737cc.com | 89892qq.com | h2894.com | www.feng68.com | www.904867.com | 3822d.com | www.7545q.com | www.99677l.com | 390033k.com | www.hg7748.com | www.749758.com | 22966.com | 922790.com | www.x69096.com | www.dcw566.com | 3559d.com | www.899111.com | www.dao90.com | 3304f.com | www.92msc.com | www.29277b.com | 85698c.com | www.00037b.com | www.yd7017.com | ttt444000.com | www.8694f.com | www.4923k.com | 6688xpj.com | www.9068rr.com | www.yh08.com | 00774nn.com | www.77537i.com | www.15355e.com | qy228.vip | www.y440044.com | www.60108h.com | 01885q.com | www.24671.net | www.2373h.com | 5488s.com | www.hg6733.com | www.885345.com | 62222s.com | www.54968.com | www.320660.com | 2820s.com | www.8.ag | 33432f.com | www.pu2678.com | www.68993271.com | 077ll.com | www.58505.com | www.72gcw.com | 5414.com | www.9925546.com | www.142525.cc | 3822b.com | www.yh6688.bet | 08575.com | www.226833.com | www.lczg3.com | 8159jjj.cc | www.5099cc.com | c388v.com | www.jh879.com | www.417714.com | 1813dd.com | www.fhcp2288.com | www.327836.com | 2019tt.cc | www.392518.com | 4809s.com | www.76188.com | www.290727.com | 66458r.com | www.6939j.com | 4997y.com | www.hf6699.com | www.068659.com | www.88517888.cc | www.bet73y.com | 5360cc.com | www.4963dd.com | 817458.com | www.4938k.com | www.cha64.com | yhxjaomen.vip | www.5599msc.com | 51439522.com | www.17035.com | www.038059.com | www.3846a.me | www.5441m.com | ddcp88.com | www.07679z.com | 90307e.com | www.k3374.com | 35ff.vip | www.995t.net | www.975961.com | 52239.com | www.120638.com | 8015s.com | www.55060j.com | 50000966.com | www.363123.com | www.178225.com | www.6491e.com | www.022o.cc | 893620.com | www.820808.com | 8159nnn.cc | www.5719.com | 85698g.com | www.sb5501.com | 2643g.com | www.998855r.com | a2aaa.com |